Sick Building Syndrome addressed with breakthrough engineering

Monitoring devices, able to detect high levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), had been introduced to the local market, with the aim of detecting poor air quality leading to sick building syndrome (SBS).

SBS is a medical condition affecting people in a specific building, whether commercial or residential. The syndrome is marked by symptoms such as headaches, respiratory problems, skin irritations and non-specific hypersensitivity reactions.

The symptoms are often attributed to factors in the environment, such as poor ventilation and appear to be exasperated when windows and doors are kept closed.  Buildings where metabolic rates are high, such as gyms, fitness centres and aerobic-workout rooms may also exceed acceptable CO2 levels. Indoor CO2 concentrations over 1 000 ppm may lead to cognitive impairment and dysfunction.

Hand-held monitoring devices allow building operators to monitor CO2 and other potentially-harmful substances, with the aim of ensuring the health of occupants. Susceptible buildings include healthcare facilities, classrooms, offices, factories, gyms and other areas susceptible to gas build up.

Location-specific CO2 data may help to detect potential faults in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems of buildings and determine the most cost-effective and efficient solutions. CO2 data monitoring may also help to improve energy savings and overall indoor-air quality, while reducing the symptoms of SBS.

The battery-powered monitoring devices or data loggers can be used to measure indoor CO2 concentrations throughout a building or wherever data is required. Measurements can range from 0 ppm to 5 000 ppm.

Air quality information can be accessed from a handheld device or laptop by means of a plug-in or the cloud.

 

Source: Engineering News/Creamer Media